Large, firm, flattened shape. 250 hours. Self-fruitful. Pollenized by Santa Rosa. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Pollenized by Catalina, Nubiana, or Santa Rosa. Pollenizer required: Santa Rosa, Late Santa Rosa, Burgundy, Nubiana. Some varieties of Japanese plum trees require another tree for pollination. Relative pest and disease tolerances for DWN almond rootstocks. Early Midseason. Very large. Abundance' This purple-red Japanese plum has tender yellow flesh that softens quickly. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Large, round, black skin, freestone amber flesh. Medium to large fruit with maroon over amber-green skin. Brief Views are a quick way to scan the catalog for stone fruit varieties of interest based on key characteristics, chilling requirement, and harvest date. Self-fruitful. Long-time favorite plum in California. Pollenize with Beauty or Santa Rosa. Pollenizer required. 400 hrs. Japanese plum varieties vary in color from yellow to a dark reddish purple and are excellent for fresh eating, cooking, canning and preserves. Black Amber. They are also more precocious, disease resistant, and vigorous. Box 108 Juicy, sweet, red flesh, mild flavor. Japanese Varieties. Japanese plum 'Methley', Chinese plum 'Methley' Genus. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. The fruit is larger, rounder and firmer than its European counterpart. Rich, crisp flesh, golden skin, red specks and blush when fully ripe. Very high taste test scores, one of the best plums for fresh eating. Farmers' Market Favorites™ - Fruit Trees, Grapevines & Berries: hundreds of varieties grown and shipped in 4" x 4" x 9" containers. of a 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer every year. Attractive tree is heavy bearing and vigorous. Introduced commercially in 1936. Earliest plum: June in Central CA. Harvest is prolonged: fruit is hard ripe 4-5 weeks after Santa Rosa, but sweetest and most delicious several weeks later (mid to late August in Central CA). Medium size, heart-shaped fruit. Good pollenizer for other Japanese plums. Japanese plum trees require pollination, they are ideal as fresh fruits. Plum Varieties Taste Best Early Varieties. vary Self-fruitful. Self-fruitful. Large, black, favorite fresh market plum. Self-fruitful. Bred by J.H.Weinerberger from Fresno, California (USA), in 1980. Directions to ACN, Super Chief® Red Delicious (Sandidge Cv. Excellent for jam. Fruiting ornamental. Late June in Central CA. 300 hours. 400 hours or less. 500 hours. Mottled maroon over green skin. Very sweet, translucent flesh. Sweet, mild, not tart. Reddish purple skin. Harvest mid-August in Central CA. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in cool, rainy climates). Self-fruitful or plant with Santa Rosa. Sweet and juicy but still firm when fully ripe, with very little tartness at skin and pit. Bubblegum Plum® and Superior plum are exceptions. Originated in Montebello, east of Los Angeles. How do I find my varieties? Cold hardy. Large, oblong fruit with waxy, thin, amber skin. The bungo trees are also grown for fruit and are hybrids between Prunus mume and apricot. To get the greatest amount of fruit from your plum trees, plant at least two varieties of each type of plum for cross pollination. The hibai trees have red heartwood and most of them have red flowers. Self-fruitful. Harvest about one month after Santa Rosa. 400 hours. Large, attractive fruit with bright red and yellow skin. Extremely cold hardy. Japanese gardens and parks are colored with plum trees’ rose-hued blossoms, and sometimes white or yellow flowers, depending on the species, and a strong, characteristic perfume is wafting into the air. 400-500 hours. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Ripens in August-September. Japanese plum trees have rougher bark, more persistent spurs, and more numerous flowers than European plums. Edible Ornamental: varieties having both tasty fruit and especially attractive tree, foliage, bloom or long-hanging fruit characteristics. Ripens in July. Heart shaped, greenish-yellow thin skin, red blush. Pollenizers for Japanese plums . Purplish-black skin, amber flesh. Favorite fresh market fruit, excellent for home orchard. 600-700 hours. Prunus salicina 'Methley' Other names. These are Japanese varieties crossed with American plums, making them hardy to zone 4. They are not generally self-pollinated and can be tricky to grow in areas with late frosts but are superb for fresh eating. Harvest begins late August in Central CA. Ripe fruit continues to sweeten, becoming exceptionally sweet, but remaining crisp and crunchy. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. Ripens mid-July in Central CA: fruit holds well on tree when ripe. Beautiful 8-10 ft. tree, weeping growth habit: long slender limbs bow gracefully to the ground. Prunus Prunus. Self-fruitful. Late July. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. Most commercialJapanese plum varieties grown in California are either totally or partially self-unfruitful and require cross-pollination to produce commercial crops (table 9.1). They are the favored fresh eating varieties in the United states being larger, firmer fleshed, and rounder t It is now also grown in fruit orchards in Vietnam, Korea, Japan, the United States, and Australia. One of the best Japanese plums. USDA Zones 5-9. Prolonged harvest: late July to late August in Central CA, 5-6 weeks after Santa Rosa. Blood plums are amongst the most popular of all plum trees grown Phone: (717) 677-8105 They have high sugar content, and notoriously large amounts of dietary fiber that have a laxative effect. USDA Zones 7-9. Harvest late July. Fortune. Very productive tree with narrow, upright habit. If you would like to view our Japanese plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Red … There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Ripe late July in Central CA. Small pit, nearly freestone. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Before choosing what variety of Japanese plum you are going to grow, find out if it requires a pollinator tree. Make sure you plant several different varieties for best pollination. Fax: (717) 677-4124 Popular yellow dessert plum. Prunus salicina (syn. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Self fruitful but also makes a good pollinator for Japanese and American plums. Most varieties have juicy yellow or reddish flesh with skin colors ranging from black to crimson red. ...a prolonged harvest of tree-ripe fruit from a small space in the yard... accomplished by planting an assortment of fruit trees close together and keeping them small by summer pruning. 300-400 hours. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty. 300 hours. Pollenizer required: Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa. Smooth and sweet, you will surely encounter the shiro at famers markets in late July. Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. The timing and sequence of steps are of critical importance--. Japanese plums originated in China, not Japan, but were brought to the U.S. via Japan in the 1800’s. Imported from Japan by Luther Burbank. Originated in Fresno, CA. 250 hours. Bears earlier and heavier than most plum trees. Dark purple skinned fruit with juicy, richly-flavored red and amber flesh. Self-fruitful. It is a midseason, heavy bearing plum producing medium to large, round or slightly flattened fruit of dark purple blue colour. High taste test scores. In recent years, Pluot® Interspecifics have gained much of the Japanese plum fresh-market share. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. Vigorous, heavy bearing tree. Hardy, heavy bearing tree. Dave Wilson Nursery is the exclusive U.S. licensor and primary propagator. Merchandising fruit trees, selling your program, inventory control. In the United States, plum varieties that dehydrate without fermenting are called prunes. The yabai trees are also used as grafting stock. Light green skin, greenish-yellow to orange freestone flesh. Late June/early July in Central CA. The value of adequate land preparation will be realized soon after planting and for the life of your orchard. As mentioned, Satsuma Japanese plum tree produces fruit that is most commonly eaten fresh. 300 hours. 200-400 hours. Self-fruitful or partly self-fruitful varieties may . In Japan, ornamental Prunus mume cultivars are classified into yabai (wild), hibai (red), and bungo (Bungo Province) types. Self-fruitful. 500 hours or less. Shiro – The shiro needs no introduction as it is the most well-known of the Japanese varieties. Amber flesh, yellow skin blushed with red. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. However, plum wine gained popularity in Japan, in the 17th century. Japanese Plums: These varieties bloom and ripen earlier, tend and to have larger crops. Partly self-fruitful, or pollenized by Kelsey or Santa Rosa. Home Garden and Retail Nursery Product Information, Grafting Patented Varieties (Royalty Surcharge), Product Information for Home Gardens and Retail Nurseries, Resources and Community For Retail Nurseries, Product Information for Commercial Orchards, Resources and Community For Commercial Orchards. Little or no tartness at skin or pit. These varieties have produced poorly in Texas because they require cold climates and are susceptible to fungal diseases such as brown rot. Hybrid plum: Japanese x American. Ripe fruit holds on tree longer than any other stone fruit: two months or more! Good for jelly and canning. Zaiger Variety: developed by Zaiger's Inc. Genetics of Modesto, California. Aspers, PA 17304 Low-Chill Cultivars Japanese plum "Burgundy" (P. salicina "Burgundy"), needs 250 to 350 hours between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit each winter to set fruit. Toll Free: (800) 377-3106 Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales Family Cephalotaxaceae Genus Cephalotaxus Scientific Name Cephalotaxus harringtonii Quick Information … Pollenizer required, another Japanese plum such as Beauty or Santa Rosa. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. USDA Zones 4-8. Low acid. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … The varieties adapted to Texas are usually hybrids Cherries. Large, firm, juicy, freestone, distinctive flavor. Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Sell the Edibles! Self-fruitful. "A Family Organized to Improve Fruit Worldwide", the Zaigers have brought the world a fantastic array of fresh market stone fruits including Pluot® and Aprium® interspecifics. Very small pit. They are also more precocious, disease resistant, and vigorous. Tart-sweet with rich flavor when fully ripe. Ripens June in Central CA, a week or more before Santa Rosa. Bare root or in containers? Very high scores for flavor and overall appeal in Dave Wilson Nursery taste tests. 500 hours. Pleasant acid/sugar balance. Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby. Red and golden yellow skin. Large, firm, delicious fruit. Sweet cherry grows into a … Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. No. Bright red skin, yellow, juicy-tart, semi-clingstone flesh. Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in cool, rainy climates). Large, firm, aromatic, rich flavor, keeps well. P.O. Climate plays a large role in determining which plum variety to plant. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Reddish purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late summer ripening. If you are thinking of planting fruit trees, here are some reasons why you should and where to begin on our website. Pruning the Japanese Plum Tree USDA Zones 3-8. Japanese plum trees bud and bloom earlier than other varieties, making them better choices for US zones 5 and warmer. Large trees or small? Japanese plums can be more challenging to grow than European plums due to stricter pollination requirements. They are generally larger, rounder (or heart shaped) and firmer than European plums. Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. It is good for... Midseason Varieties. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. Long harvest season - September in Central CA. Large, heart-shaped greenish-yellow fruit. Pollenizer required: Beauty, Burgundy, Late Santa Rosa, Nubiana, Flavor King Pluot. Each delicious plum has bright red skin and amber tinged, red juicy flesh. Cross between wild plum and apricot plum. Table 9.1. One of the highest-rated plums in blind fruit tastings at DWN. August harvest in Central CA. Small to medium-sized, dark cherry colored, semi-freestone plum. Harvest Sequence: Apricot, Plum, Interspecific Hybrid. 400-500 hours. 400 hours. Industry-leading sales aids, DWN bestselling varieties, selling Backyard Orchard Culture. Botanical name. One of the most flavorful, aromatic Japanese plums when fully ripe. 500 hours. Excellent pollenizer for Japanese, American and hybrid plums. European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, Variety 3-4-16 "A World of Flowers" 9322 – 196th Street SE, Snohomish, WA 98296 • Phone: 425-481-7565 or 360-668-9575 • www.flowerworldusa.com. Japanese plums are the most common fresh plum available for sale due to a longer shelf life than European plums. Plum trees or ume (梅) in Japanese come out in full blossom at the end of winter as the herald of the coming Spring. Trees well-chosen will be easiest to grow and give superior fruit - at your preferred harvest times. Sweet, flavorful, very little tartness at skin or pit. They're easy: especially when grown in containers! ), 26 Nursery Road, Be sure to handle this petite yellow plum with care as they bruise easily. Relatively small tree, cold hardy. In recent years, Pluot® Interspecifics have gained much of the Japanese plum fresh-market share. Yellow-orange (apricot colored) flesh is firm, sweet, aromatic, juicy and uniquely flavored. Its scientific name is in honor of the Earl of Harrington, who was the first plant this tree in a Europe. Au Rosa. Prunus salicina should not be confused with Prunus mume, a related species also grown in China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Most important: know your site's drainage...before planting. 250 hours or less. We cannot ship any stock to California , Hawaii, Canada or outside the USA. Bears reliably in many climates, including Western Oregon and California's northern coast. Toka Plums have reddish orange skin with yellow flesh. Japanese plum, Prunus salycina. Easily espaliered. Early Golden. Pollenized by Santa Rosa, Beauty, or Wickson. Prunus triflora or Prunus thibetica), commonly called the Japanese plum or Chinese plum, is a small deciduous tree native to China. Very delicious fruit is medium-sized and round, with blood-red flesh and skin. Firm, flavorful, semi-freestone yellow flesh, very nice dessert quality. Medium to large fruit is firm, spicy, sweet and flavorful. DWN Top 100: the 100 best-selling DWN fruit varieties for retail nurseries, including many of the most well-proven varieties. Queen Rosa. 300-400 hours. Japanese plum trees are more delicate as well and require temperate conditions. From South Dakota, introduced in 1911. Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing mild flavor. Established by Dave Wilson in 1938 on a small piece of rented ground near Modesto, California, our company. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Self-fruitful. Variety or Cultivar 'Methley' _ 'Methley' is a rounded to spreading, deciduous fruit tree with elliptic, toothed, dark green leaves and, in early spring, clusters of white flowers followed by spherical, edible, sweet, reddish-purple fruit. Popularly called Umeshu, the Japanese plum wine is a form of liqueur that is made with unripe and green ume plums, sugar, and alcohol.Though termed as a dessert wine, Japanese wine can have a blend of sweet and sour taste with 12% alcohol content. Ruby Queen. Midseason, three weeks after Santa Rosa. 400 hours. Adjust accordingly for other locations. USDA Zones 5-9a. 800 hours. Bruce' This large Japanese plum has red skin, red flesh, and good flavor. This smaller Japanese plum tree offers a tasty crop of sweet flavorful fruit in mid July - earlier than other selections. Nearly freestone dark red flesh is firm, meaty, sweet, juicy and aromatic. Large, red fleshed, sweet, juicy, firm, delicious. Bloom, tree, crop, harvest and cultural descriptors for DWN commercial almond varieties. Ripens in late June and hangs well on the tree. 300 hours. Fertilize Japanese plum trees with 1 to 3 lbs. Small pit, freestone when ripe. Introduced in 1988. Methley. Self-fruitful. Self-fruitful. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. Pollenizer required: Elephant Heart, Santa Rosa, Late Santa Rosa, Wickson, Burbank. Taste Test Winner: varieties that have made the highest overall scores at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Their flesh clings to the pit, hence, they are classified as clingstone fruits. Japanese varieties. Medium to large, reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. Japanese plums are the most common plums for fresh eating in the USA. Ripens early to mid August; ripe fruit hangs well on the tree. Vigorous, productive tree. 400 hours or less. Black Ruby. Use fresh or cooked. Introduced by Luther Burbank in 1919. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. The Japanese plum yew is a deer-resistant small tree belonging to the plum-yew family. Japanese plums are larger, rounder (or heart shaped), and firmer than European plums and are primarily grown for fresh market. Vigorous, productive tree. interplanted with pollenizing varieties. The European plum includes varieties such as ‘Stanley’, which is grown for fresh fruit and often dried for use as prunes. Elephant Heart plum. TOKA PLUM (Prunus americana x) Japanese x American plum. ). Dark reddish-purple mottled skin. Low chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Harvest August. (Pat. 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Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing mild flavor ripe, with flesh. To fungal diseases such as Beauty or Santa Rosa rich, crisp flesh, very little tartness at or... The plum-yew family has red skin and pit this fruit fermenting are called prunes easily separates from flesh., excellent for home orchard favorite: large, red specks and blush when ripe... Require 12–18 ft. spacing for pollination U.S. via Japan in the United States, and notoriously amounts... Blush when fully ripe Beauty or Santa Rosa – the Santa Rosa this smaller Japanese yew., heavy bearing plum producing medium to large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, with blood-red and! Good flavor medium to large fruit is larger, rounder ( or heart shaped ), in the century...