Creating Sentences Using a Subordinate Clause Followed by an Independent Clause Activity - Subordinate Clause Flash Cards. 73 examples: Just three very short paragraphs later, comes (11b), virtually an identical… Like all clauses, it will have both a subject and a verb. Get an answer for 'Combine each pair of sentences that follow into one sentence by creating a subordinate clause that presents information about a verb. Subordinate clauses will often begin with subordinating conjunctions, which are words that link dependent clauses to independent clauses, such as for, as, since, therefore, hence, consequently, though, due to, provided that, because, unless, once, while, when, whenever, where, wherever, before, and after. A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence; it merely complements a sentence’s main clause, thereby adding to the whole unit of meaning. … It is not independent.Remember that an independent clause has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought-it can stand alone. They can also begin with relative pronouns such as that, which, who, whom, whichever, whoever, whomever, and whose. When the main clause begins the sentence, there is no comma to separate it from the dependent clause. That’s because, as mentioned, it only adds extra details to sentence. Examples of subordinate clause in a sentence, how to use it. Adjective clauses are groups of words that act as an adjective in a sentence. Remember, none of them can be complete sentences on their own! Explore more than 470 'Clauses' resources for teachers, parents and pupils as well as related resources on 'Clauses Year 3' On these occasions, we use subordination to indicate that one part of a sentence is secondary (or subordinate) to another part. A subordinate clause has a subject and a verb, but it cannot stand alone. It needs the first part of the sentence to be complete. They have a pronoun (who, that, which) or an adverb (what, where, why) and a verb; or, a pronoun or an adverb that serves as subject and a verb. The root clause or main clause is the sentence that will form the main section or part of the sentence. Now that you can identify a subordinate or dependent clause, you may wonder how this information can be helpful to you. They begin with relative pronouns like “how,” “which,” “who,” or “what,” combined with a subject and predicate. Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. A subordinate clause is often introduced by a subordinating conjunction, like the highlighted words in these examples. Subordinate conjunctions help the transition between two parts of a sentence with words expressing things like place and time. For example: Here, “what he wants” stands as a noun for what the dog can eat. The clause from the sentence in Question 3 represents what thing the dog will eat. If you see that embedded clauses are also called a subordinate clause. They can be used to create complex sentences as they are a type of subordinate clause.. Though it has a subject (whoever) and a verb (gave), it isn’t complete. The best part is, it is actually quite simple. I enjoy watching movies that employ lots of special effects. A subordinate clause makes a sentence more detailed. Because a subordinate clause is dependent upon a main clause to be meaningful, it is also referred to as a dependent clause. This full sentence uses the noun clause “whatever he wanted to.” It begins with a subordinate conjunction, followed by a subject (he) and a verb (wanted). Therefore, the most common mistake you can make is a fragment sentence (an incomplete sentence). Here’s another: Whoever gave the dog popcorn is in trouble! On its own, if I can find my wallet is a subordinate clause; it is not a full unit of meaning. Creating Subordinate Clauses – Add a subordinate clause to each sentence. A main clause is a clause that makes sense on its own and can also exist in a sentence on its own. Subordinate clauses. It can go at the beginning or end of a sentence and is separated by a comma. It has a subject and a verb, and on its own, it presents a complete unit of meaning: all of us are able to go out and have ice cream. Just a quick worksheet I knocked up for my MA English group - using subordinate conjunctions to join a sub clause and main clause to make a complex sentence. This resource provides a lesson plan and activities to enable students to improve their writing by using subordinate clauses. A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone. Two main clauses are joined by and, but or or. If it was written separately as a sentence, the result would be a sentence fragment—your English teacher’s pet peeve. They introduce a dependent clause. As you can see, it’s not a full sentence. “Who” (pronoun acting as subject) + “ate” (verb) is an adjective clause that describes the dog. Words That Begin Subordinate Clauses. Since they are nonessential, they should always be set apart with commas in a sentence. So, start with an independent clause: Next, add some extra details—remember: we need to include another subject and verb to make a subordinate clause. Because he ate popcorn This clause answers the question “why?” 3. This sentence answers the question “how long did the dog run?” with the adverb clause “until he got to the county fair.”, With the adverb clause “after the dog arrived,” this sentence answers, “when did the dog eat popcorn?”. It will help you to avoid hearing the words (from a teacher, editor, or coworker), “You should put a comma there.” Or the equally delightful, “You shouldn’t have put a comma there.”. Subordinate Clauses Examples . The opposite is true with nonrestrictive clauses: they can be excised from a sentence without altering its core meaning. Gives opp for reflection and also independent writing These are called subordinating conjunctions because they link a main clause and a subordinate clause together in a sentence. To avoid mistakes with subordinate clauses, always remember: a subordinate clause is never a full sentence on its own. Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office … Many visitors arrived. Use words like therefore, although, despite, after, and when. Whichever (pronoun) + flavor (subject) + have (verb) is an adjective clause that describes the popcorn. We have to first find that wallet. Subordinate clauses change simple sentences into complex ones by adding extra information into a sentence. It’s a noun clause because it has a subject (he) and a predicate (wants). When a subordinate clause begins a sentence, it has a comma after it. PRACTICE: Building Sentences with Adjective Clauses Combine the sentences in each set into a single, clear sentence with at least one adjective clause. Here are some of the most common subordinate conjunctions: Relative pronouns are words like which, whichever, whatever, that, who, whoever, and whose. A subordinate clause—also called a dependent clause —will begin with a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun. So, there are three types of dependent clauses: noun clauses, adjective clauses, and adverb clauses. Subordinate Clause Flash Cards - 2. So, it is a/an: A subordinate conjunction or relative adverb. Four types of subordinate clauses are discussed in this feature: concessive, time, place and reason. The subordinate clause may be a noun clause, an adjective clause or an adverb clause. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. This sentence is an independent clause. Let's look at ways to create and punctuate adjective clauses. There are two types of relative clauses: restrictive and nonrestrictive. Subordinate clauses are sometimes known as dependent clauses, because they need the main part of the sentence to make … Here are some examples: Subordinate clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunctions and relative pronouns. Subordinate Clauses – Underline the subordinate clauses in each sentence below. Subordinating conjunctions are essential parts of complex sentences with include at least two clauses, with one of the clauses being main (independent) and the other being subordinate (dependent).. The embedded clause would be inserted in the main clause. However, subordinate clauses do not make sense on their own are dependant on the independent clause. To be sure of the noun clause in a sentence, you can switch it with a single noun and the sentence will still make sense, like this: An adjective is a descriptive word. Harvey Johnson. Like all clauses, a subordinate clause has a subject and verb. (Hooray!). Use Relative Clauses Lesson Ideas Resource Pack. 2. For example: Whoever gave the dog popcorn. This Using Subordinate Clauses Lesson Teaching Pack can be used to explore independent clauses, subordinate clauses (dependent clauses), subordinate conjunctions (dependent words) and the associated punctuation to children. They give information about the main clause in the sentence, and the also use subordinating conjunctions like after, as, as soon as, before, hardly...when, no sooner, since, when, etc. A noun clause is a group of words that acts as a noun in a sentence. Knowing which clauses are main (independent) and which are subordinate (dependent) will help you organize your ideas and place your commas correctly. “Whoever gave the dog popcorn” is the noun in the sentence, meaning the person who gave the dog popcorn. We will go to the fair Put on your coat I’d love a slice of cake I’m going into town You should sit down Put a tick next to it It should be fine. After the dog ran This clause answers the question “when?” 2. Conveniently, this type of subordinate clause can be referred to as a relative clause. A subordinate clause makes a sentence more detailed. The first one has been done for you. The dog that eats popcorn This clause answers the question “which dog?” Here are some examples: 1. Basically, adverb or adverbial clauses are a group of words that function as an adverb. For example, “the person who” or “whoever eats;” or “the house that” or “whichever house.”. Mood: How to Use Tone and Mood in Your Writing, 5 Writing "Rules" That Are Really Guidelines, Beware of These Common Consistency Issues in Writing. Watching Star Wars, which has lots of special effects, is my favorite thing to do. It is too soon to celebrate about our ice cream outing because there is a task at hand. The difference between a clause and a phrase is that the former must contain a verb. The subordinate clause explains or completes the meaning in the main class. The term complex sentences and subordinate clause simply means a sentence with more than one clause. As you’re learning how to write a subordinate clause, it’s important to review the things that it always needs: A subordinate clause can be at the beginning of a sentence or the end of a sentence, so long as it is paired with an independent clause. Explora más de 540 recursos educativos de 'Clauses' para profesores, padres y alumnos, así como otros recursos relacionados con Clauses Year 6 The dog ran until he got to the county fair. It will instead make a reader want additional information to finish the thought. It is basically done to expand the main clause. Spotting these words can tip you off that you are dealing with a subordinate clause rather than a main clause. Whoever is watching the dog This clause represents a person 4. A subordinate clause can work as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb in a sentence. A complex sentence uses a subordinate clause to add extra detail. A good way to do this is to have a selection of clause cards and get your pupils to join them together with a subordinating conjunction to make a complex sentence. This PowerPoint is a step-by-step guide on how to create this particular kind of multi-clause sentence. There is only one rule to remember about using subordinate conjunctions: A subordinate conjunction performs two functions within a sentence. Tone vs. The subordinate clause is both sentences are bold. One common form of subordination is the adjective clause (also called a relative clause)--a word group that modifies a noun. Main Clause Subordinate Clause. Without the nonrestrictive clause which has lots of special effects, the core idea of the sentence, Watching Star Wars is my favorite thing to do, is still intact. Often, nonrestrictive clauses will “interrupt” a main clause, as in the example below, and when that happens, you should insert a comma both before and after the clause. Subordinate the information that you think is of secondary importance. It teaches pupils how to use subordinate clauses and relative clauses to create complex sentences with lots of hints, tips and interactive activities. This combination of words will not form a complete sentence. They answer the question WHEN? By no means does this have to create sensible sentences. A subordinate clause or dependent clause is a clause that can’t exist as a sentence on its own. If I can find my wallet adds substantially to the meaning of the sentence. Find out how to join sentences together using words like 'because' and 'when'. This is a fragment sentence. It helps to relate the subordinate clause to the rest of the sentence. There should be no comma separating the restrictive clause that employ lots of special effects from the main clause I enjoy watching movies because it is essential to the meaning of the sentence. Punctuating subordinate clauses only gets tricky when they begin with relative pronouns such as that, which, who, when, where, and whose. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. This is a complete sentence. These connectives must have a subject and a verb following them: because; whereas; even though; yet e.g. This is because they are essential to the meaning of the sentences they are a part of. The adverb clause is … They should answer questions like “what kind?” or “which one?” and follow one of two patterns: Pronoun/adverb + subject + verb, or pronoun/adverb as subject + verb. If I can find my wallet we can all go for ice cream. When you are done, compare your new sentences with the sample combinations below. Add a comma where necessary. I studied hard for the exam because I failed the previous one. It doesn't express a complete thought. Subordinate clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions or a relative pronoun and both of them have a significant role to play in forming the subordinate clause. Created Date. It includes a set of word cards that may be used by students to experiment with sentence structure. If a clause in your sentence leaves us hanging like this when set apart on its own, it is a subordinate clause. Like all clauses, it has a subject and a predicate, but it doesn’t share a complete thought. Subordinate Clause A subordinate clause (or dependent clause) is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence because it does not express a complete thought. Author. Making complex sentences using connectives that introduce subordinate clauses 1 Connectives mini-lesson. The hints in parentheses tell you how to start the subordinate clause. Subordinate clause example . Subordinate clauses are also dependent on main clauses and would be otherwise incomprehensible without them. 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